Where do the words “Arctic” and “Antarctic” come from and What does Arctic mean in Latin?

The word Arctic relates, of course, to the region around the North Pole, but the ancient Greek astrologers and mariners called it by this name from the constellation that circumscribes the area of the heavens above it, the Bear, which in Greek is arktos.

That about the South Pole then became antarktos, from anti, “opposite,” and arktos, “Bear”; hence, “opposite the north.”

Through Latin adaptation, the names have been further modified to arctic and antarctic.

where do the words arctic and antarctic come from and what does arctic mean in latin
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Karen Hill is a freelance writer, editor, and columnist for zippyfacts.com. Born in New York, she loves interesting random facts from all over the world.