About 1,700 years ago, ancient Native Americans of the Hohokam, Mogollon, and Anasazi cultures began establishing farming villages in the Southwest.
Many of the Native Americans who live there today are these early peoples’ descendants. The Pueblo Indians of New Mexico were probably descended from the Anasazi, while the Akimel O’odham (also known as the Pima) and the Tohono O’odham (also known as the Papago) of southwestern Arizona are most likely the distant relatives of the Hohokam people.
Relative newcomers to the area are the Navajo and the Apache. Both groups came to the Southwest from the North starting in about 1000.