Thousands of years ago, vast empires rose and fell in Egypt, Greece, Italy, the Middle East, northern Africa, China, and India. Bold explorers from these civilizations, such as Pytheas and Hanno, ventured into unknown lands and seas.
Most of them searched for new trade routes or places to settle. Today, scholars have limited knowledge of these journeys. Some accounts survive in ancient texts. Others have been pieced together by archaeologists, who have recovered and studied ancient artifacts.
Though many details remain unclear, historians have managed to reconstruct some of the ancient voyages, and they prove to be just as thrilling and daring as the exploration of modern times, if not more so.