Where does the expression “to play fast and loose” come from and What does it mean?

“Fast and loose” was the name of an old cheating game, known in the middle of the sixteenth century at least.

The game was thus explained by James O. Halliwell in his Dictionary of Archaic and Provincial Words, Obsolete Phrases, Proverbs and Ancient Customs, from the Fourteenth Century (1847):

“A cheating game played with a stick and a belt or string, so arranged that a spectator would think he could make the latter fast by placing a stick through its intricate folds, whereas the operator could detach it at once.”

where does the expression to play fast and loose come from and what does it mean

In fact, the game must have been known at a considerably earlier period, for the present phrase in a metaphorical sense, to say one thing and do another; to be slippery as an eel; to have loose morals, appeared in one of the epigrams in Totters Miscellany (1547):

“Of a new married student that plaied fast or loose”, i.e., was unfaithful.

About Karen Hill

Karen Hill is a freelance writer, editor, and columnist for zippyfacts.com. Born in New York, she loves interesting random facts from all over the world.