There is no highway that runs from North America through Central America and into South America. Because technically, there is a 54 mile (87-km) long gap in the Pan-American Highway, a system of roads connecting countries in North and South America. This missing section prevents traffic from passing through the isthmus of Panama into the […]
In the 1950s, President Dwight D. Eisenhower saw the need for the United States to have sufficient evacuation routes for both military vehicles and private citizens in the event of a war with the Soviet Union. He had seen the German autobahn system during World War II and pushed Congress to pass legislation that would […]
El Nino refers to a cycle that occurs every few years in which warm water accumulates in the eastern part of the Pacific Ocean around the equator. Some scientists think this cycle may be caused by changes in trade wind patterns. During an El Nino year, places such as Australia, North America, South America, and […]
No one is sure how the Red Sea got its name, but some people think it is because the water looks red during the summer when a reddish-brown algae floats on the surface. The Red Sea lies between northeastern Africa and the Arabian peninsula. The Suez Canal, at the northern end of the Red Sea, […]
The state of Missouri has about 1,450 caves. Most lie below the Ozark Mountains in southern Missouri, where they were formed by underwater streams carving away the rock. Southern Missouri rises to the Ozark Mountains, a dissected plateau surrounding the Precambrian igneous St. Francois Mountains. The Bootheel region of Missouri was the epicenter of the […]
What Was the First City In the World To Have One Million People and Where Is Rome Located In Europe?
What Was the First City In the World To Have One Million People and Where Is Rome Located In Europe? Rome is the capital of Italy, and was the first city with 1 million people, back in the first century B.C. It took nearly 2,000 years for the next world city to reach that number, […]
Guyana, in northeastern South America, is an independent country, while French Guiana, a bit farther to the east on the continent, belongs to France. Guyana was a British possession until 1966, when its name was changed from British Guiana to Guyana. French Guiana is one of the richest places on the continent, but that is […]
Greenland has 840,000 square miles (2,184,000 sq km), making it the largest island in the world. According to legend, it was named Greenland by its Norwegian discoverer, Erik the Red, in A.D. 985 because he wanted to encourage people to settle there. In truth, most of Greenland lies within the Arctic Circle and is partially […]
The plant that smothers millions of acres of the South is kudzu, and it is not native to the United States. It was first seen in the United States at the 1876 Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia, where the Japanese planted it in a garden. It became popular in the South, and it was widely used […]
Geysers are bursts of boiling hot water that erupt from below the surface into the air, often several hundred feet. A fumarole is a steam vent. The steam comes from hot springs below the Earth’s surface that are so hot that their water boils away before they reach the surface. A mudpot looks like it […]
All of the fastest growing cities in the United States in the 1990s were in the West or the South. Number one is Las Vegas, which added nearly half a million residents to its population between 1990 and 1998. Following Las Vegas, the fastest growing cities in the United States were: Las Vegas, Nevada Laredo, […]
Officially, the Atlantic hurricane season runs from June 1 to November 30. But most hurricanes develop between August and October, with the largest number occurring from early to mid-September. In September 1900, the worst natural disaster ever in the United States, the Galveston hurricane, destroyed most of the city of Galveston, Texas. At least 8,000 […]
California leads the country in agricultural production, followed in order by Texas, Iowa, Kansas, and Nebraska. North Dakota produces the most wheat, followed by Kansas. Iowa produces the most corn, followed by Illinois and Nebraska. Texas produces the most cotton, followed by California and Mississippi. Texas produces the most cattle, followed by Kansas and Nebraska. […]
What Is the Difference Between Holland and the Netherlands and What Is the Proper Name of the Dutch Country?
Netherlands, or the Netherlands, is the proper name of the country on the North Sea that borders Belgium and Germany. “Holland” is sometimes used to mean the Netherlands, but technically it is the name of a region in the western part of the country. About one-fourth of the Netherlands lies below sea level. For nearly […]
If you guessed that Main Street is the most common street name in the United States, you’d be wrong. It’s Second Street, mainly because many former Main Streets and First Streets were later given other names. In second place is Park Street, followed by Third, Fourth, and Fifth Streets. The most popular street name with […]
California, Arizona, New Mexico, and parts of other U.S. states were once a part of Mexico. At the end of the Mexican War in 1848, Mexico gave the United States the land that is now California, Nevada, and Utah. It also turned over most of Arizona and parts of Colorado, New Mexico, and Wyoming. In […]
When Did the World Population First Reach 1 Billion People and and When Did the Population Reach 6 Billion?
The world population reached 1 billion for the first time in 1804. It then took 123 years for the number of people to double, to 2 billion, in 1927. It took just 72 years for that number to triple, to 6 billion people, in 1999. The world population has experienced continuous growth since the end […]
About half of Oregon is covered with forests. Oregon leads the nation in lumber production, and it also is a big producer of plywood, veneer, and particleboard. The eastern part of the state is less forested, and farms there produce wheat and other grain crops as well as potatoes and other vegetables. Almost all of […]
In 2000 the New York City metropolitan area was slightly larger than Mexico city, with 21.1 million people. Mexico City had 18.1 million people in its metropolitan area and was ranked the fourth largest city in the world, after Tokyo, Japan; New York City; and Seoul-Inchon, South Korea. In 2010, Mexico City was the second […]
The southern tip of Florida is less than 100 miles (161 km) from the island nation of Cuba. Ever since Cuba became a Communist nation in the early 1960s, some of its citizens have tried to escape political oppression by sailing on small boats to the United States. Many Cubans have settled in the cities […]
When Did Texas Belong To Mexico and Where Was the Battle of San Jacinto Fought During the Texas Revolution?
Texas was once part of Mexico, but when U.S. citizens began settling there in the early 1800s, they revolted because they didn’t like the Mexican government’s efforts to control them. In 1836, at the Battle of San Jacinto, near present day Houston, the American settlers captured Mexican general Santa Anna, who agreed to give Texas […]
The Black Hills is a mountain range that lies in western South Dakota and northeastern Wyoming. These mountains are called black because they look so dark when viewed from a distance, an effect created by dense pine forests and deep valleys. The highest peak in the range, Harney Peak, is 7,242 feet (2,520 m) high. […]
Mount Rushmore is located in the Black Hills of South Dakota. This amazing sculpture, one of the largest in the world, of the heads of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln was begun in 1927 and took the sculptor 14 years to complete. Not far away, a huge sculpture is being carved […]
Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah meet at Four Corners. You can get to this unique spot by taking U.S. 160 in Arizona. The Four Corners region is mostly rural and arid, and the most populous city in Four Corners is Farmington, New Mexico. The area is named after the quadripoint where the boundaries of […]
Antarctica is the coldest place on earth. The world’s lowest recorded temperature was at Vostok Station on July 21, 1983, when the thermometer dropped to -128.6° F (-89.2° C). Year round in Antarctica, the temperature rarely rises above freezing. Antarctica is colder than the Arctic because the continent is more than 3 kilometers (2 miles) […]
There are plants and animals species that live in Antarctica. Those that can survive the cold, dry climate, such as mosses, lichens, and algae. Only a few small insects can live there, and then only in the coastal areas. Many more animals spend summers in the waters that surround the continent, including penguins, seals, whales, […]
New Zealand is not really that close to Australia. New Zealand lies about 1,000 miles (1,610 km) southeast of Australia, across the Tasman Sea. Most of the country consists of two main islands, the North and the South, which together extend for about 1,000 miles (1,610 km). New Zealand’s closest neighbours to the north are […]
What Is the Tallest Building In the United States and Is the Empire State Building the Tallest Building?
The Empire State Building in New York City is not the tallest building in the United States. The Sears Tower, in Chicago, Illinois, is the tallest, at 1,450 feet (442 m), with 110 floors. At the time of its completion in 1974, the Sears Tower was the tallest building in the world, and it held […]
Denver, Colorado is not located in the Rocky Mountains. The mountains begin to rise about 15 miles (24 km) west of Denver, which lies on fairly flat land. Even so, the city sits 1 mile (1.6 m) above sea level, just because the land itself is so elevated because of the nearby mountainous terrain. Denver […]
The distance between Cape Dezhnyov, Russia, and Cape Prince of Wales, Alaska, at the narrowest part of the Bering Strait, is 51 miles (82 km). The Bering Strait connects the Bering Sea, which is part of the Pacific Ocean, with the Arctic Ocean, and separates Asia and North America. The Bering Strait is named after […]
Why Is San Francisco California On the West Coast Warmer In Winter Than Washington D.C. On East Cost?
Latitude is only one factor of several that determine climate in any particular region. San Francisco’s position between 30° and 40° latitude and its location on the western side of the North American continent place it in the climate subcategory called Mediterranean. People living there experience warm, dry summers and mild, wet winters. Washington, D.C.’s, […]
Which Are the Leading U.S. Farm States In Agricultural Production and Which State Produces the Most Corn?
California leads the country in agricultural production, followed in order by Texas, Iowa, Kansas, and Nebraska, according to recent figures. North Dakota produces the most wheat, followed by Kansas. Iowa produces the most corn, followed by Illinois and Nebraska. Texas produces the most cotton, followed by California and Mississippi. Texas produces the most cattle, followed […]
What Is North Dakota’s Most Abundant Natural Resource and When Was Crude Oil Discovered In North Dakota?
North Dakota leads all the states in the number of coal reserves. Most of the coal is lignite, though, which does not produce as much energy as other types of coal. The state also began producing crude petroleum when reserves were discovered near Tioga in 1951. Farmers in North Dakota produce enough wheat each year […]
How Many People In India Don’t Know How To Read or Write and How Many Kids In India Go To High School?
About one-third of India’s men and two-thirds of its women are illiterate. India has a 12-year school system, but high school is optional. Only 38 percent of Indian girls and 59 percent of boys attend high school. The state of Kerala has the highest literacy rate at 91% while Bihar has the lowest at 47%. […]
A series of ancient beaches and sand dunes called sand hills, some of them 30 miles (48 km) wide, runs from southwestern Georgia across central South Carolina and into south-central North Carolina. The sand was left behind millions of years ago by a receding sea. The sand hills are quite deep and cover 8,760 square […]
Why Was the Panama Canal Built and How Did It Impact Shipping Between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans?
The Panama Canal was built because it provided a much needed shortcut for ships to travel between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Before the canal was built, ships had to sail around the southern tip of South America, taking them thousands of miles out of their way through dangerous waters. The Panama Canal connects the […]