How many African American soldiers were honored for their service in World War I?

Despite their unfair treatment, the 369th Infantry Regiment, also known as the “Harlem Hell Fighters,” had the best World War I record of any U.S Army regiment.

Two members of the all-black 369th Infantry, Sergeant Henry Johnson and Needham Roberts, were awarded the French Croix de Guerre for aborting a German surprise attack. The two men killed or wounded more than twenty enemy soldiers.

In the 370th Infantry, black soldiers were awarded sixteen Distinguished Service Crosses and seventy-five Croix de Guerre medals. Having won honor and recognition on the battlefield, African Americans had mixed emotions about returning to the United States.