South America is not mostly mountains and rain forest, much of the continent is farmland and grazing lands.
Scrubland runs through northeastern Brazil, and deserts are found in Ecuador, Peru, Patagonia, and even in the northern coastal areas of Chile, Colombia, and Venezuela.
Arica, a port city in northern Chile, is one of the driest places on the planet, it receives only 0.03 inch (0.76 cm) of rain a year.
Only one glacier in the world is found at 0° latitude, that is, on the Equator.
It’s on Mount Cotopaxi in Ecuador.
Colombia and Chile are the only South American countries that touch both the Pacific and Atlantic oceans.