What Does the Word “Hooligan” Mean and Where Did the Term “Riff-Raff” Come From?

In 1898, a London newspaper wrote a series of articles about a gang of street toughs known as “Hooley’s Gang”.

The gang called themselves “Hooligans”.

Strangely, the name also came up in San Francisco and New York about the same time.

what does the word hooligan mean and where did the term riff raff come from

But because no one named Hooley was ever found it’s presumed to be an Irish reference for “rowdy.”

The term “riff-raff” means “common” and is from the Anglo-Saxon words for rags (rief) and sweepings (raft).

About Karen Hill

Karen Hill is a freelance writer, editor, and columnist for zippyfacts.com. Born in New York, she loves interesting random facts from all over the world.