The smallest country in the world in land area is Vatican City, which is led by the Pope of the Roman Catholic Church.
The country’s official name is the Holy See of the Vatican City, and it is enclosed within Rome, Italy.
About 1,000 people live there.
Vatican City was established in 1929, and is distinct from the Holy See, which dates back to early Christianity.
Vatican City is an ecclesiastical state, ruled by the Pope, who is the bishop of Rome.
The Vatican climate is similar to Rome’s, a temperate, Mediterranean type climate with mild, rainy winters from September to May, and hot, dry summers from May to August.