What other government assistance was given to freed slaves in America during the 1800s?

The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (or the Freedmen’s Bureau, as it was called), was created by the U.S. War Department to provide basic health and educational services to help make the slaves’ changeover to freedom easier.

It existed from 1865 to 1872.

There were about one hundred other privately financed freedmen’s aid societies ready to lend a helping hand.