Mesopotamia existed between two mighty rivers, the Tigris and the Euphrates, in the part of the world we now call the Middle East.
This region is called the “cradle of civilization” because it was one of the first places in which humans farmed, raised animals, developed a written language, and created a calendar.
The word Mesopotamia means land between two rivers.
The history of ancient Mesopotamia begins with the emergence of urban societies during the Ubaid period around 5300 B.C.
Bronze Age Mesopotamia included Sumer and the Akkadian, Babylonian and Assyrian empires, and it was ruled by the Neo-Assyrian and Neo-Babylonian empires in the Iron Age.
Mesopotamia was under the control of the Parthians around 150 B.C. when it became a battleground between the Romans and Parthians.