What is a civilization and where did the word civilization come from?

The word “civilization” is used to describe a society with a complicated political and social structure and distinguished by great achievements in art, architecture, scholarship, and technological know-how.

The word civilization comes from the Latin civilis, meaning civil, related to the Latin civis, meaning citizen, and civitas, meaning city or city-state.

The level of advancement of a civilization is often measured by its progress in agriculture, long-distance trade, occupational specialization, a special governing class and urbanism.