Annie Oakley was a stage name, as was the “Annie,” too.
Her real name was Phoebe Moses, and she was born in Darke County, Ohio. Another stage name she used in advertisements was “Little Sure Shot.”
The famous Native American chief Sitting Bull gave the name to her, after being wowed at her marksmanship.
As was common for the day, she privately went by her husband’s name, Mrs. Frank Butler.