When did the Spanish colonists return to Pueblo territory and Why did the Pueblo Indians allow them to stay?

Twelve years after the Pueblo Revolt, Spanish colonists once again moved onto Pueblo land.

With the drop in the population, the Pueblo Indians were so weakened they were not able to fight off the intruders this time. For their part, the Spanish, scared of another rebellion, treated the Indians with a somewhat more even hand.

In time, some Pueblo people accepted that the Spanish were in their territory to stay. They came to live peacefully alongside the intruders and even adopted some elements of their Catholic religion. Others left their lands and moved to areas the Spanish had not invaded.

One group of refugees went to the lands of their Hopi relatives to the west and established the village of Hano there. Another joined the Navajo tribe, and still another founded a new pueblo called Laguna.