Patagonia is not a country.
Patagonia is the name of a region that covers the southern part of Argentina.
It is a semiarid plateau, and farmers raise sheep there.
Patagonia also has important resources, including oil fields and coal and iron ore deposits.
The name Patagonia comes from the word patagón used by Magellan to describe the native people whom his expedition thought to be giants.
The wall paintings in a cave at the foot of a cliff is of images of hundreds of hands, believed to date from around 8,000 B.C.