Which Countries In South America Are Landlocked and Do All the Countries In South America Touch the Ocean?

Not all the countries in South America touch the ocean.

Bolivia and Paraguay are landlocked, meaning they have no access to the sea.

At one time, part of Bolivia did reach the Pacific, but it lost that land to Chile in a war.

Prior to European colonization, the Andean region of Bolivia was a part of the Inca Empire.

Eventually, the Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century.

About 10 million people lived in Bolivia in 2010, and its population is multi-ethnic, which has contributed greatly to its diverse art, cuisine, literature, and music.