Which Countries Make Up the Middle East and Where Did the Term “Middle East” Come From?

Geographers sometimes disagree on this point, but most place the following countries in the Middle East:

Bahrain, Cyprus, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen.

The Middle East is often used as a synonym for Near East, as opposed to the Far East.

The term “Middle East” probably originated in the 1850s in the British India Office.

It became more widely known, however, when American naval strategist Alfred Thayer Mahan used the term in 1902 to define the area between Arabia and India.

About Karen Hill

Karen Hill is a freelance writer, editor, and columnist. Born in New York, her work has appeared in the Examiner, Yahoo News, Buzzfeed, among others.

1 thought on “Which Countries Make Up the Middle East and Where Did the Term “Middle East” Come From?”

  1. The term ‘middle east’ is a misnomer. This is an attempt by racist european scholars to attempt to take africa (the craddle of civilization) and place it in or near the eurasian planes. When you say middle east you are talking about north-west africa and western asia.You can find this info. in a book entitled “When egypt ruled the east”. Africa was and still does belong to the black man. Indo-europeans are from the caucasus mountains/eurasian plains. Please remember that civilization had its beginnings in sias,misriam. hotep

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