The Kurds are a nation of about 25 million people without a country.
Kurdistan is a region, not a country, that stretches along parts of today’s Turkey, Syria, Iran, and Iraq.
In Turkey, the Kurds make up about 20 percent of the population, about 12 million people.
Unlike most people in the Middle East, the Kurds are not Arabic, but most of them practice the Islamic religion.
The Kurds have been fighting for independence since the end of World War I, when their dream to become an independent state did not materialize.
They have suffered from terrorism, discrimination, and human rights abuses for many years.
The Kurds have not had their own country since the seventh century.
Damascus, Syria, is the oldest inhabited city on Earth. It has been a settlement since at least 6000 B.C.