According to legend, the city of Rome was founded in 753 B.C.
Through the next several centuries, the Romans expanded their power by conquering neighboring cities and territories.
By the second century A.D., the Romans had created one of the greatest empires the world had ever seen, stretching from Egypt to the hills of Scotland.
In 476 A.D., the city of Rome fell to invading barbarians, ending Roman authority over western Europe.
The Romans matched Greek gods and their stories with their own gods.
Some Greek gods, Apollo, for example, had no Roman equivalents, so the Romans incorporated them into their mythology without changing their names.