The Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) was founded in Chicago in 1942 by James Farmer.
Its goal was to confront racism and discrimination with direct action. CORE’s first project was to desegregate a roller skating rink called White City on the South Side of Chicago.
By 1944, CORE chapters had been formed in New York, Los Angeles, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, and Detroit. During the 1960s, CORE used the sit-in method and went to the South to lead the Freedom Rides.