How Much Milk Does a Cow Produce in its Entire Career as a Dairy Cow and How Long Do They Live For?


Dairy farming has been part of agriculture for thousands of years. Dairy cows are adult female cattle cows bred for the ability to produce large quantities of milk, and are usually of the species Bos taurus. There was little distinction between dairy cattle and beef cattle when cattle were first domesticated, with the same stock … Read more

How Did the Cow Get Its Name, What Does It Mean, and Where Do Cows Come From?

where do cows come from

Cows are the most common type of domesticated cattle, and are raised as livestock for meat, as dairy products, leather, and even dung. The word cow came from the Anglo-Saxon word “cū”, plural cȳ, which means “bovine animal”, and several derivatives include the Latin “bos”, the Greek word “bous” (βους), and in Sanskrit, “go”. The … Read more

What Does Gelatin Mean In French and What Is Gelatin Used For?

what are gummy bears made of

Gelatin is a translucent, colorless, nearly tasteless protein derived from the collagen extracted from the boiled bones, connective tissues, and organs of animals such as domesticated cattle, pigs, and horses. The word gelatin is spelled “gelatine” in some countries and comes from the French word “gélatine”, which means “clear jelly-like substance”, and Latin word “gelare”, … Read more

What is the Most Popular Type of Animal Milk in the World and Why?

goats milk is the most popular in the world

Some goats are bred for milk, which is drunk fresh or raw, although many recommend pasteurization to prevent growth of bacteria. Goat’s milk can replace sheep’s milk or cow’s milk in diets for those who are allergic. Goat’s milk, however, has lactose like cow’s milk, and may cause gastrointestinal problems for people with lactose intolerance. … Read more

How is Goat’s Milk Different From Cow’s Milk and Are Goats Harder to Milk than Cows?

goats milk is creamy

Goats produce about 2% of the world’s total annual milk supply, and Goat’s milk has higher digestibility than milk from cows, and is nutritious and therapeutic. Goat’s milk also has a different alkalinity, and higher buffering capacity than milk from cows. Some goats are bred specifically for milk, and Goat’s milk is usually processed into … Read more

Which Came First the Chicken or the Egg and Where Did Chickens Come From?

which came first the chicken or the egg

Many weird religions would say the chicken came first without hesitation, claiming that their god created the animals and birds complete and without evolution or change. However, evolutionary evidence more strongly supports the egg-first theory. Genetically, chickens can be traced back to an earlier bird found in Indochina called the red jungle fowl. Over time, … Read more

How Did the Bald Eagle Get its Name and Are Bald Eagles Really Bald?

bald eagle head

The Bald Eagle, also known by its scientific name Haliaeetus leucocephalus, is a bird of prey native to North America. Bald eagles have white head feathers that contrast with their brown-and-gray body feathers. The word bald actually comes from the Old English root bhel, meaning “gleaming,” or “white,” and this is where they got their … Read more

Where Do Turkeys Come From?

where do wild turkeys come from

The name of the Turkey came from Europe before America was colonized and was originally applied to the guinea fowl. When European explorers saw an American bird that reminded them of the guinea fowl back home, they called it a turkey as well, and the name stuck. Incidentally, there’s a widespread myth that the country … Read more

Who Invented Giving Someone “The Bird” or the Middle Finger Gesture and How Did it Originate?

the bird

Some very rude individual probably invented the middle finger gesture many years ago. By all accounts, the gesture was used in ancient Rome. Caesar Augustus, according to the historian Suetonius, “expelled Pylades the actor because when a spectator started to hiss, he called the attention of the whole audience to him with an obscene movement … Read more

How Many Pet Birds Have Lived in the White House, How Many Were There, And Which Presidents Owned Them?

pet bird

There have been many presidential birds in the White House, and we’re not even counting Lyndon Johnson’s wife and daughter, Lady Bird and Lynda Bird. Martha Washington, although never technically in the White House, owned a parrot that George loathed. Apparently, the feeling was mutual. When George and the parrot found themselves in the same … Read more

What is the Proper Name for Dog Poop and How Did it Originate?

puppies poop

Believe it or not, there is a kinder gentler word for the poop that domesticated dogs leave behind. The proper, fancier word for dog poop is scumber, which we think sounds much, much better than poop. The word scumber probably came from the German word schummeln, meaning to cheat at cards. If you’re speaking of … Read more

Why is Chocolate Poisonous to Dogs and How Toxic is Dark Chocolate Compared to Milk Chocolate?

chocolate is toxic to dogs

It’s true that chocolate is toxic or poisonous to dogs. However, how bad depends on the quality and quantity of the chocolate, and the size of your dog. First, some chocolate basics. The active ingredient in chocolate is a caffeine-related chemical called theobromine. The darker the chocolate, or the higher the quality, the more theobromine … Read more

What was the Fiercest Predatory Bird of All Time and How Did the Terror Birds Get Their Name?


Andalgalornis Steulleti was a species of giant flightless predatory birds, also known as “terror birds”. It lived in Argentina and the South Americas until about 2 million years ago, and was the fiercest bird in the world. Depending on the species, it ranged in height from between three to nine feet tall. Sporting a three-foot-long … Read more

How Did the First Guide Dogs Originate and How Much Does it Cost to Train With a Seeing Eye Dog?

guide dog

Guide dogs, also known as seeing eye dogs, are dogs trained to lead blind and vision impaired people around obstacles. Although guide dogs can be trained to navigate various obstacles, they are partially color blind and are not able to interpreting street signs. The human does the directing in these instances, based on skills learned … Read more

Why Do We Say “Mush!” to Sled Dogs When We Want Them To Go Faster and What Does the Word Mean?

sled dogs

The word “Mush” does not mean “Mush that snow down, boys!” when giving orders to sled dogs. Although it is one of the more interesting theories we’ve heard regarding the origins of the term. Usually people assume that mush is an Americanized version of an Inuit word, but it’s not. It actually comes from French-speaking … Read more

How Did the Bulldog Get Its Name and Where Did It Come From?

where did the bulldog come from

Bulldogs, also known as British Bulldog or English Bulldog, is a breed of dog whose ancestry can be traced to the British Isles. The Bulldog should not be confused with other breeds such as the American Bulldog or the French Bulldog, which are similar in appearance. Despite their famous expression, bulldogs are generally docile and … Read more

What Type of Dog is a Staffordshire Terrier and How Did it Get its Name?

Staffordshire Terrier

The American Staffordshire Terrier is often mistaken for the Staffordshire Bull Terrier, and the two breeds are related. The American Staffordshire terrier is a breed of medium-sized, short-coated dog whose early ancestors came from England. In the early part of the twentieth century, the breed gained respectability, and it was accepted by the American Kennel … Read more

Are Dogs Smarter Than Cats or is a Cat Smarter Than a Dog and How do You Measure Animal Intelligence?

are cats smarter than dogs

Intelligence is not easy to measure even within a single animal species like ours, which is able to communicate and willing to sit through IQ tests. It’s even harder when judging between species. What tests would you put each species through? For example, when comparing cats and dogs, it’s true that a dog is easier … Read more

How is the Population and Social Structure of a Lion Pride Organized and Does it Ever Change?

lions are organized into prides

Lions have two types of social organization. The first lion organizational structure are the residents, when lions live in groups, called prides, consisting of about five or six related females, their cubs, and one or two males who mate with the adult females. Extremely large prides, of up to 30 individuals, have been also observed. … Read more

How Do Lions Reproduce and How Often Do Lions Mate?

lion and cub

Lions reproduce very well in captivity and do not mate at any specific time of year. A lioness may mate with more than one male when she is in heat. Female lions are polyestrous, and in the wild a female will normally breed every two years. A mating bout could last several days, and during … Read more